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General Computer Support / Re: Reparse and Environmental Repairs
« Last post by DaveSlinger on April 20, 2021, 04:05:47 PM »
Hi Boggin,
Thanks for the detailed response.  When the drive was still in the HP computer I ran some Win10 repairs and chkdsk /f and it came back with some problems it could not repair.  I'll try that again now that the drive is externally mounted and on a different computer via USB.  Maybe I'll get a different result. 

You're right, I also suspect the BCD is damaged and thank you for sending the tips and links. 

Another problem I'm having is the with the Bios.  There is no option to boot from a USB stick so I can't run a host of tool on it when it was in the HP.  I have to boot Legacy and with a DVD.  The latest WIN10 is too large to fit on a DVD no matter how I try to shrink it.  I'm working on maybe trying to see if WIN PE will fit on a DVD or Windows to Go.

Other than that my recovery options do come up (i.e. command prompt, system restore, etc. but they are not doing me any good).  My next option it to try to reinstall Win10 saving my files but I don't trust it.  So that's another reason why I took the drive out, to copy my files to a safe place before trying this option.  I'll follow your suggestions first since it's already out and in an external box.

I appreciate your help.  I guess this will be my weekend project...
General Computer Support / Re: Reparse and Environmental Repairs
« Last post by Boggin on April 20, 2021, 03:33:49 PM »
I don't think that will do it.

With the USB hub plugged into the other machine, open a Command Prompt (Admin) or Powershell (Admin) and perform a chkdsk /f

On my machines the USB drive is drive E: so I would enter the cmd as chkdsk e: /f and see what it reports.

If it has failed or has numerous KBs in bad sectors then you will need to replace the hard drive.

If the chkdsk comes back clean then it could be that the BCD has become corrupt.

Instructions for that are in this article -

This has a sub link for UEFI based machines.

Refit the HDD but as you can't boot the machine to use the WRE you will need install media to boot up with.

Assuming you are using Win 10, you can create either a bootable DVD or USB after reading the instructions at -

Tap F12 as you switch the machine on then use the cursor keys to select the media you have created - insert the media and press enter.

Instead of pressing SHIFT + F10 to get to the cmd prompt - navigate to the Install screen after changing/confirming the Time and currency format and click on Repair your computer.

Click on Troubleshoot then on Command Prompt.

By this method you can enter exit twice to close the cmd window, remove the install media and select Turn off your PC to see if it will reboot normally.

However, before doing all of that and if the chkdsk comes back clean, you could try booting with a Hiren's Boot Disk -

Use the 15.2 download button.

I use Imgburn to create bootable DVDs -

Let me know how you get on.
General Computer Support / Reparse and Environmental Repairs
« Last post by DaveSlinger on April 20, 2021, 01:07:50 PM »
I have an HP computer that won't boot- inaccessible boot device.  I pulled out the drive and put into an external USB box and plugged it into another computer.  It's showing up as a drive and I was able to copy my data from it.  Now I want to know if check / repair reparse points and enviro variables can be set to run on an external drive?
Well something is allowing those IP addresses to encroach and AdwCleaner is an effective tool to find and remove adware which could be the cause.
A  program called fail2ban may help you with this.

Google for it and its user manual.
This program allows one to right-click an IP address and have it blocked. However, this can become tedious.

I've been looking at the "block_ip_history.dat" file and am wondering is there is a way to block a range of IP addresses (such as ALL address from 93.x.x.x or 185.241.x.x).

Does anyone know of a way to to block a range of addresses?
I really don't need to do more anti-virus checks.

I need to figure out just what "ESTABLISHED" means (can't seem to find any useful info on Google) and whether the person connected is using my TS for something.
Does your antivirus program deal with PuPs as ESET does ?

A scan with another AV program can find things that one doesn't.

A dedicated program for finding and removing PuPs is the free AdwCleaner -

Do you need remote access to your desktop as it can leave your machine vulnerable.

I'll ask one of the admins to have a look at this for you to see why the blocker doesn't appear to be working for you.
General Computer Support / Re: Issue with windows 10 explorer
« Last post by Boggin on April 19, 2021, 01:58:54 AM »
I've found that in a clean boot that an antivirus program will re-enable itself when you click on Apply.

Can you turn off your AV program to see if that makes a difference.
Hi Tom;

Thanks for the reply.

I have a good anti-virus program on the TS and nothing is amiss.

I've attached 3 images showing IP addresses that are either SYN_RCVD or ESTABLISHED. These IP address are from GB, the Netherlands, Bulgaria, Russia, etc.

I know that SYN_RCVD tells me that someone is "knocking on the door" so to speak, but do not understand why sometimes they become ESTABLISHED as I have blocked the IP addresses.

I *do not* see any failed login attempts in Windows Event Viewer.

Trying to figure out what is actually happening and if they have somehow gained access to my TS and are using it without logging in.
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